To summarize the academic thoughts and the evolution of Shanghai Xu's pediatrics in the treatment of childhood pneumonia by way of literature research.
The literatures on Shanghai Xu's pediatrics in the treatment of childhood pneumonia were searched by computer in the databases from the inception to December 2018. According to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, these literatures were screened, and those about treatment principles and academic thoughts were summarized and analyzed.
A total of 80 literatures were included, among which 44 were about academic experience, more than those about clinical and basic researches, and the literatures were classified into 3 types: clear method (25), combination of clearing and warming method(22) and warming method(15). In the literatures about academic experience, the method of clearing lung and reducing phlegm appeared often, followed by the method of warming Yang to relieve heat, warming lung to reduce watery phlegm, and the combination of warming and clearing. In total, the warming method appeared 37 times, clearing method 25, combination 8, and others 6. Clinically a total of 863 patients were treated by clearing lung with cooling drugs, more than the method of clearing lung to reduce phlegm and removing stasis(535) to reduce phlegm(330).
The clearing methods of clearing lung with cooling drugs and clearing lung to reduce phlegm are often used in Xu's pediatrics in the treatment of childhood pneumonia. The warming method is its academic features, including warming Yang to relieve heat, warming lung to reduce watery phlegm and warming Yang to induce resuscitation. The people of following generation have also established the treatment principles of food therapy, expelling the pathogenic wind, relieving heat and clearing lung. In the future, the treatment principles can be further studied on the basis of basic experiments.
徐万超，曹芳，虞坚尔，薛征，张新光. 海派徐氏儿科治疗小儿肺炎喘嗽治法治则的文献研究[J]. 中国中西医结合儿科学, 2019, 11(1): 4-8.
XU Wanchao，CAO Fang,YU Jianer，XUE Zheng，ZHANG Xinguang.. Literature research on the treatment principles of Shanghai Xu's pediatrics in the treatment of childhood pneumonia. Chinese Pediatrics of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine, 2019, 11(1): 4-8.